United States Strategic Command Offutt Airforce Base, Nebraska

2017 United States Strategic Command Deterrence Symposium

July 26 - 27, 2017 | Omaha, NE | CenturyLink Center

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Dr. James Acton

Co-Director, Nuclear Policy Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

James M. Acton’s current research focuses on the escalation implications of advanced conventional weapons and is funded by a competitive Carnegie Corporation of New York grant on New Technologies and the Nuclear Threat. An expert on hypersonic conventional weapons, Acton has testified on this subject to the U.S. House of Representatives Armed Services Committee and the Congressionally chartered U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. He is also the author of two Adelphi books, Deterrence During Disarmament: Deep Nuclear Reductions and International Security and Abolishing Nuclear Weapons (with George Perkovich). Acton is a member of the Nuclear Security Working Group and the International Advisory Board of the Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe.

Lieutenant Colonel David Anderson, USAF

Student, U.S. Naval War College

Lieutenant Colonel David R. Anderson is a Space Policy Analyst in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy. He develops Department of Defense space policy and strategy and supports space policy implementation across the DoD. Lieutenant Colonel Anderson received his commission from the Reserve Officer Training Corps at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.  He has served as a ground-based Missile Warning Operations Crew Commander, Executive Officer, space control Test Manager, Chief, Space Operations in the Combined Air Operations Center, Chief, Special Technical Operations in the Korea Air and Space Operations Center, and Chief, Operations Assessment Division in the National Reconnaissance Office. Additionally, he served as the Deputy Chief, Combat Operations Division, Joint Space Operations Center and commanded the 6th Space Warning Squadron. He deployed to Southwest Asia in support of Operations ENDURING FREEDOM and IRAQI FREEDOM where he assisted the first Director for Space Forces to the Combined Forces Air Component Commander and the Director, Combined Air Operations Center. He attended Squadron Officer’s School, Maxwell AFB, AL, the United States Air Force Weapons School, Nellis AFB, NV, the National Intelligence University, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, Washington, D.C., and the National War College, Ft. McNair, Washington, D.C.

Major General Nina M. Armagno

Director of Plans and Policy, U.S. Strategic Command

General Armagno was previously Director of Strategic Plans, Programs, Requirements and Analysis, Headquarters Air Force Space Command, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. General Armagno earned her commission and graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado, in June 1988. Her experience in space systems operations includes combat-mission-ready operator, instructor, evaluator and flight commander in strategic missile warning, space surveillance, space control, space launch and theater missile warning mission areas. General Armagno has also served as the Commander, 45th Space Wing, and Director, Eastern Range, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, where she was responsible for the processing and launching of U.S. government and commercial satellites from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.  She served as Commander, 30th Space Wing, Vandenberg AFB, California; Commander and Deputy Commander, 21st Operations Group, Peterson AFB, Colorado; Senior Military Assistant and Chief of Staff to the Director, Operational Test and Evaluation, Office of the Secretary of Defense; Squadron and Installation Commander, 6th Space Warning Squadron, Cape Cod Air Force Station, Massachusetts; Director of Operations, 1st Space Warning Squadron, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.  In addition, she has held staff assignments at Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Headquarters Air Force Space Command, Headquarters 14th Air Force and the 381st Training Group and served as an Air Force Legislative Fellow in the Office of Congresswoman Ellen Tauscher.

Ambassador H.E. David Bakradze

Embassy of Georgia

David Bakradze was appointed Ambassador of Georgia to the United States in 2016. Ambassador Bakradze has served in a number of senior official posts in Georgian public service. Prior to his appointment as Ambassador to the US, David Bakradze served as the State Minister of Georgia for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration and was responsible for implementation of activities of the Government of Georgia on European and Euro-Atlantic integration. In particular, he was in charge of coordinating the work of the Government on implementation of key instruments of integration, such as EU-Georgia Association Agreement, Eastern Partnership for EU, Annual National Program and NATO-Georgia Commission; as well as coordinating Strategic Communication and European Assistance Programs for the Government of Georgia. Ambassador Bakradze’s career includes a number of notable and senior positions:  State Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration (2014 – 2016); Ambassador to the Hellenic Republic and the Republic of Serbia (2012 – 2014); Senior Counsellor and Charge d’Affaires to the Republic of Finland (2008 – 2012); Head of First European Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2005 – 2008); Counselor of the Permanent Mission of Georgia to the UN, Embassy to the Swiss Confederation (2002—2005); National Security Council of Georgia covering Human Rights, Information and Analysis, Law Enforcement Institutions (1997 – 2002); Press office, office of the President of Georgia (1996 – 1997).  David Bakradze graduated from Tbilisi State University with the degree in International Economic Relations and International Law.

General Vincent K. Brooks

Commander, U.S. Forces Korea

General Brooks graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1980. He served in command and staff positions in the United States; in Germany during the Cold War; in Korea; in Kosovo; and in the Middle East. His tours of duty with fighting units include the 82d Airborne Division as a lieutenant; the 1st Infantry Division as a captain; the 1st Cavalry Division as a major and again as a brigadier general; the 2d Infantry Division as a lieutenant colonel; the Third Army Central and the 3d Infantry Division as a colonel; Headquarters, United States Central Command; Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Division and Headquarters, III Corps and Fort Hood as a brigadier general; Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division (with duty as Headquarters U.S. Division – South) as a major general; and most recently as the Commanding General of Third United States Army/US Army Central continuously deployed to the Middle East countries of Kuwait, Qatar, Afghanistan, Bahrain, Jordan and United Arab Emirates. General Brooks served at the national-level in the Pentagon. Within Headquarters, Department of the Army, he fulfilled staff duties as aide-de-camp to the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, and later as the Army’s Chief of Public Affairs. Within The Joint Staff, he fulfilled duties as Deputy Director  for Political-Military Affairs for the Western Hemisphere, and later as the Deputy Director for the War on Terrorism. General Brooks holds a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Military Academy; a Master of Military Art and Science from the School of Advanced Military Studies at the United States Army Command and General Staff College; and an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the New England School of Law in Boston.

Mr. Howard Buffett

Lecturer, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University

Mr. Buffett represents Columbia University as a member of USSTRATCOM’s Deterrence and Assurance Academic Alliance. He previously served in the U.S. Department of Defense overseeing counterinsurgency and economic stabilization and redevelopment programs in Iraq and Afghanistan. He was also responsible for the Defense Department’s Iraqi Scholars Program. He received the Joint Civilian Service Commendation Award – the highest-ranking civilian honor presented by the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the request and approval of a Combatant Commander. Prior to working in the Defense Department, Mr. Buffett served as a Policy Advisor for the White House Domestic Policy Council. He worked to establish the White House Office of Social Innovation, and he coauthored the President’s cross-sector partnerships strategy. Before the White House, he was a member of the 2008-2009 Presidential Transition Team, serving on the Technology, Innovation, and Government Reform Policy Working Group in the Office of the President-Elect. He is a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and he has served in advisory capacities for the Aspen Institute, the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, the Center on Conflict and Development, and the United Nations Office for Partnerships.

Commodore Paul Burke OBE Royal Navy

Head of Nuclear Operations for the Director General Nuclear, UK

Paul Burke joined the Royal Navy in 1986 as a Seaman Officer and volunteered for the Submarine Service. On successful completion of the Submarine Command Course (‘Perisher’) in 1997 he was appointed to HMS VICTORIOUS as the Executive Officer, culminating in the Millennium deterrent patrol. Selected for promotion to Commander he assumed command of HMS SPLENDID in June 2002, conducting strike operations during Operation TELIC. In recognition of the work undertaken by the ship’s company he was awarded the OBE. He then took command of HMS VIGILANT for one year and was selected to be the Commanding Officer (or ‘Teacher’) of the Submarine Command Course, after which he took up his first shore posting as the Underwater Warfare specialist in MOD’s Directorate of Navy Resources and Plans. In June 2009 he joined Joint Force Headquarters as the Operations Maritime Specialist, a period which included a tour as CJO’s Liaison Officer to Regional Command (South) in Kandahar, Afghanistan. Promoted Captain in 2010 he was assigned as the UK and SHAPE Liaison Officer in US Strategic Command in Omaha, Nebraska. In June 2013 he returned to the UK as Assistant Head of Operations on the Naval Staff, the principal naval staff adviser on nuclear deterrent policy and the focal point on the naval staff for maritime operations policy. Selected for promotion in 2015, he took up the position of Head of Nuclear Operations in the Director General Nuclear organization in January 2017.

Mr. Jacek Durkalec

Analyst at the European Security and Defense Economics Project, Poland

From 2010 to 2016 he was a Research Analyst at the Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM), focusing on NATO’s deterrence and defense policy, nuclear and conventional arms control, missile defense, and WMD non-proliferation issues. Before joining PISM, he was a staff member in the Missile Defense Office of the Polish Ministry of National Defense. His work experience also includes an internship in the Strategic Planning Unit of the Executive Office of the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Durkalec holds a doctorate in Political Science and master’s degree in International Relations from the Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. In 2015 he was a visiting scholar in the National Security Affairs Department of the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, where he worked on his doctoral dissertation, entitled “Interdependencies between U.S. Regional Extended Deterrence Arrangements.” Mr. Durkalec’s publications include: NATO Nuclear Adaptation at the Warsaw Summit (in: NATO and Collective Defense in The 21st Century: An Assessment of the Warsaw Summit, Routledge 2017); Nuclear-Backed “Little Green Men:” Nuclear Messaging in the Ukraine Crisis (Polish Institute of International Affairs, 2015); and The Role of Missile Defense in NATO Deterrence (in: Regional Approaches to the role of Missile Defense in Reducing Nuclear Threats, Polish Institute of International Affairs, 2013).

Mr. Steven Elwood

Political Analyst

Dr. Tom Ehrhard

Vice President for Defense Strategy, The Long Term Strategy Group, Washington DC

Dr. Thomas P. Ehrhard previously served as the Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C., where he provided private counsel to senior Air Staff leaders on strategy and policy, served as the principal adviser to the Chief of Staff’s Strategic Studies Group, and provided a key interface with the defense policy community. Prior to his appointment as the Special Assistant, Dr. Ehrhard was a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, an independent, non-profit defense policy research institute. Before retiring as a colonel in the Air Force in 2006, Dr. Ehrhard served as the military assistant to Andrew W. Marshall, the Secretary of Defense’s Director of Net Assessment. He also worked in various Air Staff and OSD strategy positions in the Pentagon, and was Chief of the Central Command Air Forces Strategy Division during the opening phases of Operation Enduring Freedom. He is a graduate of the Air Force’s School of Advanced Airpower Studies, and later served as Professor of Strategy and Policy.

Mr. Markus V. Garlauskas

National Intelligence Officer for North Korea, DNI

Mr. Markus Garlauskas’ career in intelligence started as he worked toward his Masters degree at Georgetown, where he developed a paper with ideas to fundamentally improve national-level intelligence support to overseas commands. His work at Georgetown got him noticed by U.S. Army intelligence officials who selected him for a  management internship program, and sent him to South Korea as an intelligence analyst. At the conclusion of his internship, he was immediately offered a permanent position. He rose to become Chief of J2 Intelligence Estimates for U.S. Forces in Korea, and led the team that has provided key insights to help South Korean and U.S. leaders prepare for North Korea’s next move. Garlauskas and his team of analysts are responsible for creating the Peninsula Intelligence Estimate from the intelligence gathered by the allied efforts of their nations. This is a 3,000-page living document and is the definitive intelligence analysis that guides military planning for both U.S. and South Korean military officials. He and his team have produced numerous articles, papers and studies that advance the cutting edge of how estimative intelligence is performed and utilized.

Dr. Erik Gartzke

Professor, Director of cPASS, Department of Political Science, University of California San Diego

Dr. Erik Gartzke is the director of cPASS and a professor in the department of Political Science at the University of California, San Diego. Gartzke’s primary area of study involves the impact of information and institutions on war and peace. He applies bargaining theory, rational choice institutional theory, concepts of power and social identity and statistical analysis to substantive areas of interest.

General John E. Hyten

Commander, U.S. Strategic Command

General John E. Hyten is Commander of U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), one of nine Unified Commands under the Department of Defense. USSTRATCOM is responsible for the global command and control of U.S. strategic forces to meet decisive national security objectives, providing a broad range of strategic capabilities and options for the President and Secretary of Defense. General Hyten attended Harvard University on an Air Force Reserve Officer’s Training Corps scholarship, graduated in 1981 with a bachelor’s degree in engineering and applied sciences and was commissioned a second lieutenant. General Hyten’s career includes assignments in a variety of space acquisition and operations positions. He served in senior engineering positions on both Air Force and Army anti-satellite weapon system programs. The general’s staff assignments include tours with the Air Force Secretariat, the Air Staff, the Joint Staff and the Commander’s Action Group at Headquarters Air Force Space Command as Director. He served as mission director in Cheyenne Mountain and was the last active-duty commander of the 6th Space Operations Squadron at Offutt AFB, Nebraska. In 2006, he deployed to Southwest Asia as Director of Space Forces for operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. General Hyten commanded the 595th Space Group and the 50th Space Wing at Schriever AFB, Colo. Prior to assuming command of Air Force Space Command, he served as the Vice Commander, Air Force Space Command.

Dr. Ken Jimbo

Associate Professor, Department of Policy Management, Keio University, Japan

Dr. Ken Jimbo is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University. He is concurrently a Senior Research Fellow at the Canon Institute for Global Studies and the Tokyo Foundation. He also serves as a Director, Board of Directors at the Civic Force, a Visiting Fellow at the Genron NPO and a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies. His main research fields are in International Security, Japan-US Security Relations, Japanese Foreign and Defense Policy, Multilateral Security in Asia-Pacific, and Regionalism in East Asia. He has been a policy advisor at various Japanese governmental commissions and research groups including at the National Security Secretariat, the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. His policy writings have appeared in NBR, The RAND Corporation, Stimson Center, Pacific Forum CSIS, Nikkei, Yomiuri, Asahi and Sankei Shimbun.

Thomas Karako

Senior Fellow, International Security Program, Missile Defense Project

Thomas Karako is a senior fellow with the International Security Program and the director of the Missile Defense Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where he arrived in 2014 as a fellow with the Project on Nuclear Issues. His research focuses on national security, U.S. nuclear forces, missile defense, and public law. He is also an assistant professor of political science and director of the Center for the Study of American Democracy at Kenyon College, where he arrived in 2009. For 2010–2011, he was selected to be an American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow, during which time he worked with the professional staff of the House Armed Services Committee on U.S. strategic forces policy, nonproliferation, and NATO. Karako received his Ph.D. in politics and policy from Claremont Graduate University and his B.A. from the University of Dallas. He previously taught national security policy, American government, and constitutional law at Claremont McKenna College and California State University, San Bernardino. He has also written on executive-congressional relations, the thought of Niccolo Machiavelli, and international executive agreements.

Dr. Mara Karlin

Associate Professor of Practice and Associate Director of Strategic Studies, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies

Mara E. Karlin is a Lecturer and PhD candidate in Strategic Studies at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. She has served in a variety of policy positions in the U.S. Defense Department, including Levant Director and Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. As Levant Director, she was intimately involved in formulating U.S. policy on Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Israel-Palestinian affairs. As Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, she helped coordinate the Under Secretary’s workload and facilitated his efforts on hundreds of national security-related actions. In connection with her work at the Pentagon, she received the Secretary of Defense Meritorious Civilian Service Award.  She is a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense for Policy, an adjunct scholar at the RAND Corporation, and regularly lectures on Middle East and defense-related affairs. Her work has been published in various outlets, including Foreign Affairs, The Los Angeles Times, and Foreign Policy Magazine. She received her M.A. with distinction in Middle East and Strategic Studies from Johns Hopkins University-SAIS and her BA summa cum laude from Tulane University.

Dr. Margaret Kosal

Associate Professor, Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology

Dr. Margaret E. Kosal is Associate Professor in the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at Georgia Institute of Technology, where she is the Director of the Sam Nunn Security Program and the Program on Emerging Technology and Security. Her research explores the relationships among technology, strategy, and governance. She focuses on two areas: reducing the threat of weapons of mass destruction and understanding the geopolitics of emerging technologies. She is the author of Nanotechnology for Chemical and Biological Defense, which explores scenarios, benefits, and potential proliferation threats of nanotechnology and other emerging sciences. Kosal earned a doctoral degree in Chemistry from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign working on biomimetic and nano-structured functional materials. She is also the co-founder of a sensor company, where she led research on medical, biological, chemical, and explosive detection. Kosal previously served as a Senior Advisor to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, as Science and Technology Advisor within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and as an Associate to the National Intelligence Council. She is the recipient of multiple awards including the Office of the Secretary of Defense Award for Excellence.

Dr. Matthew Kroenig

Associate Professor in the Department of Government, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University

Matthew Kroenig is an Associate Professor at Georgetown University and a Senior Fellow in the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security at The Atlantic Council. His work has covered a wide range of topics in national security policy. Dr. Kroenig is the author or editor of six books. His articles have appeared in a wide range of publications, including: American Political Science Review, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Organization, The Wall Street Journal, and The Washington Post. He was a senior national security adviser on the 2016 Marco Rubio presidential campaign and a foreign policy adviser on the 2012 Mitt Romney campaign. He has served in a variety of positions in the U.S. Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency and regularly consults with a wide range of U.S. government entities. He formerly held research positions at the Council on Foreign Relations, Harvard University, and Stanford University. Dr. Kroenig provides regular commentary for major media outlets, including PBS News hour, NPR Talk of the Nation, BBC, CNN, Fox News, NPR, and C-SPAN. He is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations and holds an MA and PhD in political science from the University of California at Berkeley.

Dr. Hubert Krolikowski

Deputy Director, Department of Foreign Military Affairs, Ministry of National Defense, Poland

Dr. Hubert Krolikowski is the Deputy Director in the Department of Foreign Military Affairs, at the Ministry of Defense. He is concurently advisor to the Minister’s of National Defense Plenipotentiary for Strategic Defense Review and a professor at the Middle and Far East Institute, Jagiellonian University. He has held numerous senior positions at both civilian and government organizations, to include Senior Defense Analyst at CEC Government Relations, the leading public affiars and strategic communications agency in Central Europe, and as the Acting Department Director at the National Security Bureau. He received his Master’s Degree in History at Warsaw Universty, and his PhD, in Military History, at the Military History Institute, Warsaw. He is the aurhor or coauthor of more than a dozen books and about one hundred papers dealing with national security policy, defense industry issues, and military history.

Ulrich Kuehn

Fellow, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Ulrich Kühn (Ph.D.) is a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C., a non-resident Fellow with the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg and a Member of the Deep Cuts Commission. Previously, he worked for the German Federal Foreign Office. In 2011 he was awarded United Nations Fellow on Disarmament. Kühn is Chair of the Standing Group on Non-Proliferation and Arms Control of the European Initiative on Security Studies (EISS) and an alumnus of the ZEIT Foundation Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius. He has published on arms control, international security institutions, and Euro-Atlantic security. His articles and commentary appeared, inter alia, in Foreign Affairs, The New York Times, The Washington Quarterly, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, The National Interest, and War on the Rocks.

Ms. Karena Kyne

Student, University of Lancaster, UK

The Honorable Mary Beth Long

Founder of M. B. Long and Associates

The Honorable Mary Beth Long is founder of M. B. Long & Associates, PLLC, an international legal and advisory firm. Ms. Long served as the first woman confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and as Chair of NATO’s High Level Group. In her defense department roles, she also acted as Principal Deputy Secretary of Defense on the Middle East, Africa, the Western Hemisphere, Asia, and Southeast Asia; and was the Deputy Secretary of Defense for Counter Narcoterrorism. To those credentials, she adds more than a decade of Central Intelligence Agency operational experience on terrorism and other security issues. After leaving government, Ms. Long founded Metis Solutions LLC. Under her tenure as CEO, the company was recognized in Inc. Magazine’s List of America’s Fastest Growing Companies in 2014, 2015, and 2016 and was featured in Forbes magazine’s Women Business Leaders. She has served as a Senior Subject Matter Expert for the Supreme Allied Commander of NATO as well as a Senior International Advisor to the Minister of Defense of Colombia. Ms. Long has advised several Presidential candidates and appears regularly on Fox News, BBC, CNN, Al Jazeera English and NPR on Middle East issues and the Intelligence Community.

Ambassador Sarah MacIntosh

Permanent Representative to the North Atlantic Council, UK

Ms. Sarah MacIntosh CMG was appointed Permanent Representative to the United Kingdom’s Delegation to NATO in February 2017. The Ambassador’s role is to represent the UK within an international organization, engaging with every other country or organization that belongs to or observes the body. The Ambassador is also responsible for the direction and work of the Mission. Previously she served as Director General, Defence and Intelligence at the Foreign Office from May 2014 to November 2016. Sarah joined the FCO in 1991. Previous appointments include Director for Defence and International Security (2011-2014); Director for Strategic Finance (2009-2010); Her Majesty’s High Commissioner to Sierra Leone and Her Majesty’s Ambassador to Liberia (2006-2008) and the Strategy Co-ordinator for the UN Mission in Kosovo (2004-2005). Sarah has also been posted to the UK Mission to the United Nations at New York; the UK Mission to the IAEA at Vienna; and the British Embassy Madrid.

Ms. Kelley McCaa

Student, University of Nebraska Omaha

The Honorable Franklin Miller

Principal, The Scowcroft Group, Washington D.C.

The Honorable Franklin Miller is a principal at the Scowcroft Group as well as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. He was previously directly in charge of US nuclear deterrence and targeting policy from and also chaired NATO’s senior nuclear policy committee, the High Level Group. He served on the 2008 Secretary of Defense Task Force on DoD Nuclear Weapons Management and on the 2013-2014 Congressional Advisory Panel on the Nuclear Security Enterprise. He has been awarded the Defense Distinguished Civilian Service Medal five times and has also received the Defense Distinguished Public Service Medal. Mr. Miller has also been awarded an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II, the Norwegian Royal Order of Merit, and the French Legion of Honor. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Defense Policy Board, the Strategic Command Advisory Board and a Director of the Atlantic Council.

Dr. Lori Murray

Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council of Foreign Relations

Prior to joining CFR, Dr. Lori Murray held the distinguished national security chair at the U.S. Naval Academy. She is also an adjunct professor at the University of Connecticut and president emeritus of the World Affairs Councils of America. Murray was special advisor to the president on the Chemical Weapons Convention during the Clinton administration. She is also the former assistant director for multilateral affairs of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency at the U.S. State Department. Murray worked for almost a decade as a senior legislative assistant on national security policy for Senator Nancy Landon Kassebaum, a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Subsequent to this position, Murray headed the U.S.-China Security and Economic Review Commission, a congressionally mandated commission that reports yearly to Congress on economic and security issues regarding China. She also served as a consultant to the president’s commission on weapons of mass destruction and U.S. intelligence capabilities, and as a consultant to ABC News. Murray received her BA from Yale University and her PhD from Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies.

Dr. Michael Nacht

Thomas and Alison Schneider Professor of Public Policy, University of California Berkley

Dr. Michael Nacht is a specialist in U.S. national security policy; science, technology and public policy; and management strategies for complex organizations. He is the author or co-author of six books and more than eighty articles and book chapters on nuclear weapons policy; regional security issues affecting Russia and China, the Middle East and East Asia; cyber and space policy; counter-terrorism, and homeland security. Nacht served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs, for which he received the Distinguished Public Service Award, the Department’s highest civilian honor. Previously, he was Assistant Director for Strategic and Eurasian Affairs of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, during which time he participated in five Presidential summits, four with Russian President Yeltsin and one with Chinese President Jiang Zemin. He is currently chair of the Policy Focus Area for the Nuclear Science and Security Consortium led by the U.C. Berkeley Department of Nuclear Engineering. He is also co-investigator of a new Department of Defense Minerva Research Project on “Deterring Complex Threats” with colleagues from UC San Diego.

Lieutenant Colonel Carl Priechenfried

Student, National Defense University

Lieutenant Colonel Carl C. Priechenfried (USMC) was commissioned a Ground Intelligence Officer in 1997 upon graduation from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with degrees in History and Political Science. He has served in leadership and staff positions at all echelons of the Marine Corps’ operating forces from the platoon, company and battalion levels to the division, Marine Expeditionary Force, and Service Component levels. In addition to two deployments to Iraq and one to Afghanistan (the latter two with U.S. and Coalition special forces), he has spent over two years deployed aboard Naval shipping with deployed Marine amphibious forces on three separate Marine Expeditionary Unit deployments. He has also served at U.S. Central Command and U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Special Operations Command. Prior to his attendance at the Joint Advanced Warfighting School, he commanded 2d Intelligence Battalion, II MEF from 2014 to 2016. He is a distinguished graduate of both the USMC Command and Staff College and the Joint Advanced Warfighting School, Joint Forces Staff College, and he holds a Masters in Strategic Studies and a Masters of Science degree in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy.

Dr. Brad Roberts

Director of the Center for Global Security Research, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Brad Roberts is director of the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. From 2009-2013 he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear and Missile Defense Policy, where he served as policy director of the Obama administration’s Nuclear Posture Review and Ballistic Missile Defense Review.  From 2013-2014, Dr. Roberts was a consulting professor and William Perry Fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University.  Prior to joining the Obama administration, Dr. Roberts was a member of the research staff at the Institute for Defense Analyses and an adjunct professor at George Washington University. His recent publications include: The Case for U.S. Nuclear Weapons in the 21st Century (Stanford University Press, 2015), Extended Deterrence and Strategic Stability in Northeast Asia (Tokyo:  National Institute for Defense Studies, 2013), and On the Strategic Value of Ballistic Missile Defense (Paris, Institut Français des Relations Internationale, 2014).

Mr. Nicholas Roche

Director for Strategic Affairs, Security, and Disarmament at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France

Mr. Nicolas Roche worked from 2001-2004 at the Department of Common Foreign and Security Policy, dealing with the European Security and Defense Policy and the draft European Constitution. From 2004-2006, he worked at the Department of Strategic, Security, and Disarmament Affairs. From 2006-2010, he was posted at the French Embassy as Counselor, in charge of the following political-military issues: defense policy, WMD, proliferation, NATO, ESDP, and regional hotspots. From 2010-2012, he was posted in Tel Aviv at the French Embassy in Israel as First Counselor and Deputy Chief of Mission. He spoke on a nuclear proliferation panel at the third Israeli Presidential Conference. He previously served in the private office of the Minister of Defense, as Diplomatic Advisor to the Minister.

Dr. Jacquelyn Schneider

Assistant Professor in the Center for Naval Warfare Studies, U.S. Naval War College

Jacquelyn G. Schneider is an Assistant Professor in the Center for Naval Warfare Studies and a core faculty member of the Center for Cyber Conflict Studies. Her research focuses on the intersection of technology, national security, and political psychology with a special interest in cyber, unmanned technologies, and Northeast Asia. Her work has appeared in print in Journal of Conflict Resolution and Strategic Studies Quarterly, and on-line at War on the Rocks, Washington Post, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, National Interest, and The Center for a New American Security. Jacquelyn is an active member of the defense policy community with adjunct positions at the Center for a New American Security and previously at the RAND Corporation. Before beginning her academic career, she spent six years as an Air Force officer in South Korea and Japan and is currently a reservist assigned to U.S. Cyber Command. Jacquelyn holds a B.A. in Economics-Political Science from Columbia University, a M.A. in Political Science from Arizona State University, and a PhD in Political Science from George Washington University.

Ms. Rebecca Shrimpton

Counsellor Defense Strategic Policy, Embassy of Australia

Rebecca Shrimpton is currently the Counsellor Defense Strategic Policy in the Australian Embassy in Washington DC. She spent most of her career in Strategic and International Policy Divisions in policy roles, including in Pacific Branch, UN, Middle East and Africa Branch, in Strategic Assessments and Long-Range Planning, and Strategic Wargaming and Deliberate Planning. In 2008 Rebecca established Australia’s Asia-Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence and later managed the stabilization operations program at the Centre. She worked in portfolio-level strategic reform before completing the Higher Command and Staff College Defense and Strategic Studies Course (Australian Defense College) in 2013. In 2014 Rebecca led the MH17 Defense policy taskforce throughout the Australian Government’s operations in Ukraine. She moved on to head the Iraq Taskforce as the Australian Government committed to operations in Iraq and later Syria prior to posting to Washington. She completed her Bachelors and post-graduate degree in International Relations and Strategic Studies at Deakin University, and later completed a Strategic Studies Master’s degree at the Australian National University. Rebecca completed a further Master’s degree in strategic studies in conjunction with her study at the Australian Defense College.

Dr. Adam Stulberg

Associate Chair/Research and Neal Family Chair Professor, Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology

Dr. Stulberg has served as a Political Consultant at RAND, and as a Senior Research Associate at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey. He has worked closely with former Senator Sam Nunn, drafting policy recommendations on future directions for the U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction Program, building regional and energy security regimes in Central Asia and the South Caucasus, and engaging Russia’s regional power centers. Dr. Stulberg was a post-doctoral fellow at CNS; policy scholar at the EastWest Institute; and has been a consultant to the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Office of Net Assessment, Office of the U.S. Secretary of Defense. Dr. Stulberg has authored and edited four books, and has published widely in leading academic and policy journals.  In addition, he served on the Executive Committee of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Technical Group, American Nuclear Society.

Mr. Sugio Takahashi

Senior Analyst on Nuclear Stability, MOD, Japan

Takahashi has published extensively in the areas of nuclear strategy, the Japan-U.S. alliance, and East Asian regional security, including “Implications of Recent Challenges in Nuclear Deterrence on Japan’s Security: NPR, New START, ‘The World Without Nuclear Weapons,’ and Extended Deterrence”, “Transformation of Japan’s Defense Industry? Assessing the impact of the Revolution in Military Affairs”, and “Dealing with the Ballistic Missile Threat: Whether Japan Should Have a Strike Capability Under Its Exclusively Defense-Oriented Policy.” Takahashi received an M.A. and a B.A. from the Waseda University and an M.A. from George Washington University.

Mr. Tomasz Szatkowski

Deputy Minister, Ministry of Defense, Poland

Tomasz Szatkowski is a lawyer who is an Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of National Defence. He completed post-graduate studies in the field of national security at the University of Warsaw and war studies at King’s College London. He also completed a postgraduate course in intelligence policy at King’s College London, a training course of development for staff officers at the Graduate School of the United States Navy in Monterey, and a course of programming defence policy and strategic management at the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom. Minister Szatkowski was awarded scholarships by the Ministry of National Defence of the United Kingdom (2004), the U.S. Department of State (2007), and was named an Asmus Policy Entrepreneurs Fellow of the German Marshall Fund of the United States (2013). He has a long and varied experience in national security, especially defence policy and armaments as well as the supervision of special services and public media. This expertise was acquired in his tenure in crucial national positions at the Sejm, the Chancellery of the Prime Minister, and within the defence industry, public media, and the European Parliament. Minister Szatkowski is the author of many publications on the aforementioned issues, published both in Poland and abroad. His interests are focused around classical military strategy, in particular the relations between technology and strategy, intelligence strategies, and defense economics, as well as problems of national security policy coordination.

Mr. Bruce Turner

Deputy Assistant Secretary for Verification, Planning, and European Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance

Bruce Turner, a career member of the Senior Foreign Service, joined the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance (AVC) in July 2015 as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Verification, Planning and European Security.  He is currently the bureau’s Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, pending the confirmation of a new Assistant Secretary. Mr. Turner’s career abroad, which has included assignments to Paris, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kabul, Vienna at the U.S. Mission to the OSCE, Brussels at the U.S. Mission to NATO, and Ankara.   In Washington he has worked on North Korean as well as European security affairs.  Mr. Turner speaks German, French, and Russian.

Ms. Rachel Urban

Student, University of Nebraska Lincoln

Mr. Greg Weaver

Deputy Director, Strategic Stability, Strategic Plans and Policy, Joint Staff

Before his role at the Joint Staff, Gregory J. Weaver served as Deputy Director of Plans and Policy at United States Strategic Command at Offutt Air Force Base, where he was responsible for shaping and implementing national security policies, strategies and plans in accordance with the execution of the command’s assigned missions. He also assisted in formulating and implementing strategy for USSTRATCOM’s Unified Command Plan assigned missions, which included strategic deterrence and global strike; space operations; cyberspace operations; combating weapons of mass destruction; missile defense; and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. Mr. Weaver was a legislative assistant for Foreign and Defense Policy for Congressmen Pete Stark and Charles Bennett, and legislative assistant for Defense Policy for Senator Carl Levin. He worked at Science Applications International Corporation for 18 years as a Senior Analyst, Project Manager, Division Manager and Assistant Vice President. He earned a bachelor’s degree at Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and master’s degree at the University of Pennsylvania.

Dr. Robert Weiner

Political Science in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School

Robert Weiner is Lecturer at the Naval Postgraduate School.  His research and teaching focus on Japanese, Korean, and broader East and Southeast Asian politics, political parties and elections, democratic institutions and governance, and general research methods. His publications and research projects examine anti-competitive institutions and strategies in nominally competitive party systems, the effects of public and party influence on security policy, electoral competition patterns and the development of opposition parties, the politics of overseas U.S. military bases, and Japanese and Asian democratic politics in general. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of California at Berkeley and taught at the Government Department of Cornell University before joining NPS. He has held research fellowships at Harvard University’s Program on U.S.-Japan Relations, Stanford University’s Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, and the Law Department of Keio University (Tokyo), and is an affiliate of Stanford’s Center for International Security and Cooperation.

General (Ret) Larry D. Welch

Senior Fellow, Institute for Defense Analyses

General (retired) Larry D. Welch was the 12th Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. As chief, he served as the senior uniformed Air Force officer responsible for the organization, training and equipage of a combined active duty, Guard, Reserve and civilian force serving at locations in the United States and overseas. He and the other service chiefs functioned as the principal military advisers to the Secretary of Defense, National Security Council and the President. The general completed Armed Forces Staff College in 1967, and National War College 1972. He served at Headquarters Tactical Air Command as inspector general, deputy chief of staff for plans and deputy chief of staff for operations. He commanded the Ninth Air Force and Air Force component Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force. In 1982, he was assigned as deputy chief of staff for programs and resources at Air Force headquarters and became vice chief of staff of the U.S. Air Force in 1984. From 1985 to 1986, he served as commander in chief, Strategic Air Command, and director, Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff, Offutt Air Force Base. He became Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force in 1986. Welch is one of only two modern service chiefs to have risen from enlisted rank to his service’s highest position Welch retired as the president of the Institute for Defense Analyses in Alexandria, Virginia. He continues to serve as a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Defense Analyses. He also serves on the Defense Policy Board, the USSTRATCOM Strategic Advisoy Group, the Sandia Corporation Board of Directors, and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Director’s Review Committee.

Dr. Jim Wirtz

Dean of SIGS, Department of National Security Affairs, Naval Post Graduate School

James J. Wirtz joined NPS in 1990 as a professor for the department of National Security Affairs. He has taught courses on nuclear strategy, international relations theory, and intelligence. He served as Chair of the National Security Affairs Department from January 2000 and January 2005. He also served between 2009 and 2014 as the Director of the Global Center for Security Cooperation, Defense Security Cooperation Agency. In 2016, he was honored as a Distinguished Scholar by the Intelligence Studies Section of the International Studies Association. He is also editor of the Palgrave Macmillan series, Initiatives in Strategic Studies: Issues and Policies. He is currently serving his third term on the governing board of the Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association. Professor Wirtz is a past president of the International Security and Arms Control Section of the American Political Science Association and the former section chair of the Intelligence Studies Section of the International Studies Association.  He began his teaching career at Franklin & Marshall College, Penn State University and the State University of New York, Binghamton. A native of New Jersey, Professor Wirtz earned his degrees in Political Science from Columbia University (MPhil 1987, PhD 1989), and the University of Delaware (MA 1983, BA 1980). In 1985–86 he was a John M. Olin Pre-Doctoral Fellow at the Center for International Affairs, Harvard University.

Brigadier General Lee Jung Woong

Deputy Director of Strategic Planning, ROK

Brigadier General Lee Jung Woong is the Deputy Director of the Strategic Planning Directorate, Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction. He graduated, and received his commision, from the Korea Military Academy in 1989. He received his Master’s Degree at Kyunggi University in 2008. His key assignments have included Policy Assistance Officer, GCC, CFC (2008-2009); Senior Planner, Directorate of Operations J3, JCS (2010); Commander, 127th Regiment, 53rd Division (2012-2013); Director, Policy Branch, JCS (2014); and Chief, Warfighting Concept Development TF, JCS (2015-2016). General Jung Woong is married with two sons.